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Reasons for Leaving Teaching
There are many
reasons why a teacher decides to resign from the National Teaching Service, from individual reasons as to why they are not suited to the role, to influences and dictation from governing bodies. Almost always when deciding that getting out of teaching is the best option, the reasoning is a combination of many factors that influence the overall decision. How to get out of teaching and find a new career (Photo credit: toshi.panda via Visualhunt.com / CC BY-NC-SA) No two teachers are the same and no two difficult decisions are made up of the same components; there are a number of reasons across the board that are contributing factors to the large number of teachers who are seeking new employment and new options. Mind the Gap
One of the primary reasons why teachers are looking to resign in the UK is due to
salary amounts and budget cuts that have hit schools across the country. Teaching is still a profession where there is a pay gap between male teachers and female teachers, with many employees feeling that their pay is not suitable in comparison to their co-workers.
Despite woman making up around 73% of the staff in schools, across many secondary schools in the UK there is still a large and evident
pay gap between genders. On average, when taking into consideration the different types of school across the UK, women are earning an average of £1,100 a year less than men in the same profession. Cuts, cuts, cuts
The budget revisions and funding cuts that have made a significant impact of all tiers of school in the UK are an ever-growing concern for teachers and an important factor in the decision to leave teaching. The budget cuts affect nearly every aspect of teaching with many teachers subsidizing the lack of budget for their department from their own pockets to provide students with what they are missing out on.
The budget cuts have also caused the redundancy of many teaching staff with teachers feeling
less supported in the classroom due to the lower level of teaching staff that is needed to provide a good teaching environment for students. Wearisome Workloads
With teachers being requested to ensure that individual attention is paid to each student, without extra teaching staff, they are spending
longer hours at work. The increased workload as a result of cuts, lack of staff and extra documentation is another pressing reason that teachers are handing in their letter of resignation. Across the UK, on average 75% of teachers find that the workload they must complete is unmanageable.
An increased workload is affecting teachers in all subject areas, but especially those teachers who cover subjects that are defined as core subjects. Teachers that specialise in mathematics, the sciences, and languages are significantly more likely to leave teaching than teachers who specialise in other subjects. An article by
BBC News looks into what makes teachers in core subjects leave teaching and how that compares with the leaving rate in other school subjects. How to Get out of Teaching
Once you have decided your reasons for leaving the National Teaching Service, the next step you have to take is
resigning from your current position. Resigning from a teaching job can be a daunting prospect, especially after creating a close bond with your co-workers and having established a close working relationship with the headteacher. However, resigning from a teaching position is very similar to the process in the majority of jobs and must be approached formally following the correct protocols.
Depending on which type of school you are resigning from, the way to go about it can change significantly and the guidelines vary, in relation to most state schools in the UK, there is a specific notice period that must be adhered to. The first step of resigning from a state school is one of the few differences between leaving teaching and leaving another profession and it is very important before proceeding further.
What steps should you take to leave the teaching profession? (Photo via Visual Hunt)
If you are leaving the role of a headteacher
3 months’ notice has to be given during each term, except from the summer term where it is 4 months; for other teaching staff, 2 months’ notice has to be given during the term, with 3 months needing to be given during the summer term.
In extension to the length of notice that must be given, the particular term time dates must be abided by, with notice given in advance of the end of term with the expectation that the teacher leaves when the term has ended.
If a teacher leaves the position before term time has ended or if they leave without any given notice, they are classed as
breaking the terms laid out in their teaching contract which could cause legal action to be taken by the employer.
Teachers that need to leave without notice for important reasons, can in some instances, come to an agreement with the school and receive permission to void the terms of the contract.
Making it Official
Some teachers choose to inform their employer that they are leaving their position before handing in an
official letter of resignation, a courtesy to allow them extra time to find a suitable replacement once you have left. This may also be necessary if you have already applied for a new job that requires references from your teaching position.
In these cases, an understanding must achieved between you and your employer, prior to officially resigning from the job. Up until the point you have handed in your official resignation letter, your current job is secure.
Regardless of whether or not your employer is actively seeking a replacement, informing them early will not put your job in jeopardy.
Once you have decided on a term to resign in, the next step is to
write an official letter of resignation that will be handed to your employer, stating formally that you are resigning. This duty must be performed regardless of whether you have already agreed upon your resignation with your employer or not and forgoing the letter of resignation could cause serious repercussions. Once the letter has been received by the deadline and you have worked until the end of term, you contract will be officially terminated. Redundancy Pay for Teachers Leaving Teaching
If a teacher has to leave teaching due to redundancy, voluntary redundancy or in some cases mutually agreed resignation, they can be
that will be paid when they leave the position. entitled to a sum of money known as severance pay
Paid in the case of an early contract termination, a severance payment is provided to teachers who have worked continuously for more than 2 years, movement between schools can also fall under continuous.
What can you expect to be paid upon leaving your role as a teacher? (Photo via Visual Hunt) Severance pay is a statutory requirement, however there are a number of situations that can void the payment of severance, in particular for those teachers employed in an academy.
Severance will be paid out in situations where a teacher does not receive another job offer until their current position has been terminated, the new employment is outside of the terms of continuous service or their new job position starts at least 4 weeks after they left their previous position.
If teachers are not looking for further jobs in education or teaching opportunities after being made redundant, then their severance pay should be secured with no worry that a conflicting new job will mean that they do not receive their severance pay.
The amount calculated when awarding severance pay is different from teacher to teacher and is
highly dependent on years of service and the age of the teacher at their time of redundancy. No matter how long you have held your position of continuous employment, the severance will be calculated with a maximum of 20 years employment taken into account. For all forms of redundancy, voluntary or forced, the cap of employment length is in effect.
When calculating the exact sum of severance pay for a teacher who was employed on a full-time basis, there are a number of brackets for standard payments that are used. Teachers who were employed at under 22 years of age will receive £190 for every year they were employed, teachers who were employed between 22 and 40 years of age will be awarded with £380 per year of service and £570 will be paid to teachers for each year employed when over 40 years old.
The severance amount paid will be totalled over the years of service, and the appropriate amount for each year under the age brackets will be applied and subsequently awarded. Special circumstances
There are a number of circumstances that can warrant a
special severance amount to be calculated that is different to that of the standard statuary amount paid.
Some schools will take into account a teacher’s salary when calculating the severance, and instead of the standard amounts of £190, £380 and £570 for the three age brackets, the severance will vary; being totalled at 0.5 x salary, 1 x salary and 1.5 x salary for the three brackets respectively.
It is at the discretion of the school if they wish to award more severance, but must also fall under the regulations set out in the
Education and Skills Funding Agency, payments in excess of £50,000 still have to be officially approved and reasoned outside of school jurisdiction.
Those teachers seeking severance pay after resigning from a position as opposed to being formally made redundant may also be eligible for special severance pay. The severance payments in these instances have to be approved and may only be awarded in certain conditions, s
uch as the exemplary service of the teacher in question. Every special severance pay must be fully justified and if the teacher displayed poor performance or showed a lack of continuity, it is likely that no severance payments will be made. Writing a Letter of Resignation
Once you have looked at the resignation deadlines and the contractual obligations of your position, you can start to
write your resignation letter and start the process of how to leave teaching officially. The letter of resignation is your official declaration of leaving, beyond that of what you have previously told your employer and must be undertaken in a formal and structured way. What is said, and what isn’t said in your resignation letter can directly impact your future references so it is important to get it right.
The majority of teaching resignation letters are addressed
directly to the headteacher of the school, as the main employer of the teacher. However, in some instances the resignation letter will have to be presented to both the head teacher and to the chair of governors for evaluation. When presenting your letter of resignation, a physical copy of the resignation must be delivered to the school secretary for the head teacher, with the possible inclusion of a digital email copy of the resignation to prove that you delivered your resignation before the set deadlines. Keeping it professional
The contents of your resignation must be structured formally but many teachers also choose to add personal reasons behind their wish to resign,
in a manner that is kept professional.
It is also advised that when writing the letter, thanks are given for the employment term. Burning the bridges at this point could be detrimental to the time you have to remain employed at the school but also to future job prospects outside of education.
One of the most important aspects to include in the letter of resignation is the proposed date, or at the end of which term, that you wish to end your employment; it is then crucial ensure it is delivered before that term’s deadline.
While most of the deadlines for the notice you must give and the termination of your contract is set, there can be some variation when it comes to the Easter term. Due to the dates for Easter changing, and instances occurring where the end of your employment falls at the beginning of a term as opposed to the end, it is important to clarify your intended date with the head teacher and confirm there is an agreement on it.
Formatting your official letter is done in much the same way as formal letters of resignation in other jobs. Starting and finishing with a tone that is formal and decisive while also providing justification behind your decision is what many head teachers require from resignations. An article by
Hays, outlines some of the most significant areas of a resignation letter, as well as covering in detail the best ways to inform an employer of an upcoming resignation letter. Leaving Teaching, What Next?
After serving out their notice and receiving the last of their salary or the lump sum of their severance payment, many ex-teachers wonder what do to after teaching, whether it has been a short term of service or if they had been teaching for many years.
What alternative jobs for teachers are there? (Photo credit: CJS*64 via Visual hunt / CC BY-ND) There are many different reasons why teachers leave the teaching profession and these are often reflected in what’s next after teaching.
Some teachers choose to continue in teaching jobs but in a completely new format away from the standard structure laid out in schools and universities.
Tutoring jobs are a prime example of jobs in education that are removed from the school system and instead provide a workload that in decided by the tutor and a schedule that is tailored to more personal needs. Tutors can cover a wide variety of subjects or remain specific to a couple, what the tutor offers is up to them and the same applies to which area of the subject they wish to teach. Taking a back seat
Many teachers who enjoy the profession but who do not want to actively teach, apply for roles that are considered more
behind the scenes in education. There are many jobs for ex-teachers readily available in the recruitment and primary training of new teaching staff for educational roles. The training skills can also apply to new staff outside of the education sector, the traits that a teacher can bring being highly regarded for training courses, eductaional program, and to teach in developmental courses in a multitude of different industry sectors.
Away from jobs in education, there are many jobs available for ex-teachers who wish to continue specialising in their particular subject but not in a teaching role. Often teachers from all manner of subjects, from core to specialist, choose to pursue their interests in
a career that they are passionate about. Transferable Skills
Leaving teaching with a diverse and in-depth knowledge of one subject in particular, can lead to career opportunities to further your knowledge of that area; such as science teachers seeking employment in active scientific research and history or English teachers opting for careers in journalism.
The skills gained through years of teaching and not just knowledge of a subject are
highly desired traits by many companies with jobs in managerial roles or commercial sectors open to the transferable skills. An article published by Ed News Daily, highlights some of the biggest companies that seek the traits of a teacher but not for a direct teaching career.
When you look to start a new job after teaching for years, it can feel like your options are limited, but as many teachers find, there is a lot of variety when it comes to new jobs. Being a qualified teacher with experience in a school or university is a prime addition to any resume that can make leaving the National Teaching Service much easier and much more rewarding than people believe it to be.
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