Have you ever had private tutoring sessions? Or have you taken your child, at least once, to a tutoring centre?
If you answered yes to the aforementioned questions you are far from alone. The private education sector is a booming economic market with continuous growth.
In 2013, Global Industry Analysts, Inc. (GIA) predicted that the global tutoring market would surpass $102.8 billion by 2018. These numbers are colossal!
Accompanying the student through difficulties in school, offering homework help, learning new languages or engaging in interdisciplinary learning: these various activities are challenges that are gladly accepted by a private tutor.
The causes of these monumental statistics are multiple. Major deficiencies of the National Education System, a strong desire for success from both the parents and the student, fierce competition to enter the best universities, lack of options in the workforce which forces students to be their best or bust!
In any case, parents and students should not solely focus on the country’s education system for preparing to succeed in the classroom. To be able to succeed, hire a private instructor!
Many other subjects and topics in life can broaden the horizons of one’s mind and contribute to growing up academically in a very healthy way.
Therefore, let’s broaden our perspectives and take a small trip across different countries and continents to study the way in which remedial teaching is conducted!
Does tutoring differ according to latitudes, cultures and climates? That’s what we are going to analyze together during this first part of the article…
Before seeing how other continents and countries utilize personal tutoring, let’s see how our United Kingdom does it!
In past decade, the private academic tutoring marketplace has grown to be worth an estimated £6 billion in the UK alone. 1 in 4 students (40% in London alone) are seeking the help of a remedial tutor.
These numbers are projected to increase in the next decade with more pupils needing extra school help.
From a strictly mathematical point of view, students from all over the world are seeking supplemental instruction in mathematics. Particularly those from Latin-based countries (France, Italy, Spain, etc.) While the Anglo-Saxon countries such as the United Kingdom fares a bit better.
However, the results are less than stellar with 77% of the tutored students in England requesting private tuition in mathematics.
The best tutors offer individualized classes with special study skills to implant confidence in the student’s abilities.
A continent like Africa is considered a special case because of the poverty and low cost of living.
As literacy is still a problem in many areas around the world, a private educator is a great way to combat illiteracy. Many NGOs and humanitarian organizations have been offering tutoring programs for struggling students.
In NICs (Newly Industrialized Countries) and emerging countries, whether in Asia or Latin America, tutoring is rising in popularity with many parents wanting to ensure the future success of their offspring.
It is in these latitudes that private tutoring springboards students to a better and more prosperous life.
The personal tuition marketplace has been booming in Europe in the past decades! (Source: Visual Hunt)
The older, European world is on the whole endowed with developed and capital-rich cities. The standard of living per capita in Europe is one of the highest in the world.
National Education Systems vary greatly from country to country, and so, the same goes for how school support solutions are offered.
More than a third of European secondary school students have already enlisted the help of private tutor more than once.
European Countries demanding the most academic tutors:
The private teaching phenomenon has mostly touched these countries where school inequality is greater than in other countries. Scandinavia remains completely untouched in this regard compared to the other countries.
In this record of academic support in Europe, we note that the exclusive presence (except for the economically strong Germans) of countries that were hard hit by economic crises and loss of employment but have maintained a certain standard of living overall.
Indeed, a recent study funded by the European Commission showed that private tutors were mostly hired from by wealthy households. The middle and upper classes of society are taking advantage of all the things money can buy!
These families goal is to improve and do better than other teens to access the best possible higher education: the royal and easy route to ivy league education!
In some of these cases, the crises have become an opportunity for the state to reduce educational spending.
These budgetary cuts do not necessarily lead to an increase in private tuition, since Hungary, where many public schools have been sold and privatized, hardly appears in the top countries ranking.
In many cases, the economic problems have caused retired teachers to offer private lessons in order to earn their daily bread.
While Western and Southern Europe remains more demanding in this regard, as we mentioned before, the northern part of the continent seems totally absent.
Denmark, Sweden, Finland and Norway do not seem obliged to follow this trend. However, these countries do offer refresher sessions for students in difficulty.
Eastern Europe would like to follow the steps of their western and southern neighbours to teach their children outside the classroom via home tutoring but the funds are just not there.
Remedial teaching in North America concerns two very rich countries and one developing country: the United States of America, Canada and Mexico with about 530 million inhabitants on the continent.
Paradoxically, the poverty rate on this continent can be quite high, and not all children are attending school as they should.
Remedial teaching was considered rare until taking off and becoming a phenomenon 15 years ago.
North Americans have seen special tutoring centres coming up everywhere. (Source: Visual Hunt)
In the United States, this is due to an incentive from the federal government in 2002, pushing teachers to give additional courses, mainly to pre-teens with academic difficulties.
Specific funding has been put in place for this purpose, with tutoring classes being operated by the primary or secondary schools by teachers who are retired or have breaks in their teaching schedules. Seeing the results, many private at-home sessions have been multiplied.
In Canada, during the past 30 years the personal tutoring market has exploded: a leap of 200 or even 500%!
One-quarter of Ontario households are using tutoring services: 10% higher than the other provinces in the country.
In these countries, tutoring centres have been appearing everywhere like weeds but the truth growth is seen in E-learning. The digital revolution has online tutoring being conducted by platforms such as Skype and Whatsapp: remote academic coaching has become commonplace!
Sadly, due to many economic difficulties, private tutoring in Latin America has been the reality of only the wealthy social classes. (Source: Visual Hunt)
The two languages dominating the southern continent are clearly Spanish and Portuguese. However, Dutch and French also have a little place in the geographically smaller countries…
Developed or emerging countries such as Argentina, Brasil and Chile, are distinguished in private tuition compared to countries with severe economic problems, such as Bolivia.
Perhaps more than anywhere else, Latin American tutoring is directed towards the most elite. Access to tutoring varies greatly depending on the social classes considered. Only the wealthy can afford to offer supplemental instruction to their children.
Fortunately, many non-governmental organizations are working to provide free tutoring from talented and enthusiastic private teachers who are willing to assist in the continent’s most disadvantaged areas.
A very sad fact is that there are over 7 million children throughout South America that are not attending school!
What about Asian extra school support? Would it not be the most developed in the world?
Japan, the world’s third-largest economy, has a National Education System with Anglo-Saxon methods.
Every Japanese school enjoys an image that reflects on its students.
Individual courses are institutionalized there, concerning two-thirds of the secondary school students. With the last third rarely escaping the collective evening classes!
This educational phenomenon can equally be observed in other Asian countries like Hong Kong, Malaysia, Taiwan, Thailand and some Chinese cities.
Throughout Asia, the pressure of academic success is prevalent everywhere.
South Korea is an academic leader and breaks all records of PISA surveys, while Singapore’s method of learning mathematics in primary education is flourishing all over the world.
Even in the poorest countries on the Asian continent, such as Cambodia, the Philippines or Indonesia, tutoring is ubiquitous, thanks in part to the many international organizations that have implemented learning programs.
A densely populated continent, in full demographic growth, with relatively weak economic resources and less than favourable academic education…
During UNESCO’s academic investigations and rankings, Africa is regularly assigned the last place.
The many goals set by the United Nations are rarely achieved, if ever, especially in the sub-Saharan part of the continent.
Indeed, without the interventions of non-governmental organizations and educational humanitarian missions, the literacy rate would be in constant sharp decline and any forms of private tutoring are extremely rare due to the lack of qualified workforce on the spot.
The multiplication of private schools, often religious, makes up for the lack of ministerial credits for education.
In Northern Africa, where the French Republic has left its mark, remedial support classes are mostly given by qualified professors because many governments regularly report an omnipotence of blackmail and corruption…
The introduction of new technologies in Africa could gradually allow greater access to academic knowledge and remedial solutions that could be taught online by a certified teacher online possibly for free.
There are some exceptions that break the trends of academic tutoring on this continent, such as the Republic of South Africa: heir to Dutch and British models of teachings.
With all that being said UNESCO reports a great increase for African literacy rates. Based on national data and UIS projections from 1990 to 2016, sub-Saharan Africa increased from 52% to 65% and Northern Africa and Western Asia increased from 80% to 90%.
There is hope indeed!
With technological advances and the help from non-profit organizations, African children could be able to receive the remedial help they need. (Source: Visual Hunt)
Our beautiful earth is characterized by a great multitude of colours, characters, countries, landscapes, languages and customs…
Logically, depending on the temperaments and aspirations of each country, academic support can vary infinitely.
Who knows, maybe this brief review of educational support will give you the encouragement to embark on a philanthropic trip around the world!