Imagine two lines that are going to intersect at a point. The point at which they intersect will create an angle. The angle is the deviation of another line from a reference. Basically, an angle is the region of the plane between two rays with a common origin. The rays are called sides and have a common origin, the vertex.
In the above image, the a and b are sides but in some textbooks, they are denoted by arms as well so don't get confused in terminologies, they both are the same. The point O is the vertex and a vertex is a point where both lines or planes meet each other. An angle is positive if rotated in a counterclockwise direction and negative when rotated clockwise. There are different types of angles, let's take a look at them:
Types of Angles
If the two straight lines/rays/planes (one horizontal and one vertical) meet each other, they will create a right angle. The identification of the right angle is that it will always be equal to .
2. Acute Angle
If the angle created by the rays/planes/lines is less than , that means you are dealing with an acute angle.
3. Obtuse Angle
If the angle created by the rays/planes/lines is greater than , that means the angle is an obtuse angle.
4. Straight Angle
If two straight lines/planes/rays (both either horizontal or vertical) meet each other, they will create a straight angle. A straight angle will always make .
5. Complete Angle
A complete angle is formed when two planes/rays/lines overlap each other completely hence resulting in an angle of .
6. Reflex Angle
If the angle is more than but less than , that means you are dealing with a reflex angle.
In addition, angles are measured in different units and each unit is very important to understand. Below are the types of units used to measure angles:
Types of Units For Measuring Angles
1. Sexagesimal degree (°)
If the circumference of a circle is divided into 360 equal parts, the central angle corresponding to each of its 360 parts is an angle of one-degree sexagesimal, ().
A degree has 60 minutes (') and a minute has 60 seconds ('').
2. Radian (rad)
It is the measure of an angle whose arc is a radio.
Convert to radian.
Convert to degrees.
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