February 19, 2021

Chapters

In this article, we will discuss units of measuring angles and how to convert one unit into another.

There are three units to measure angles. These three units are revolutions, degrees, and radians which are discussed below in detail.

## Revolutions

Revolution is one of the measure of angle. It forms when the initial side completes a full circle around its vertex until the side approaches its initial position. In other words, the initial and the terminal positions end up exactly in the same position. The revolution can be written as "rev". 1 revolution is equal to .

## Degrees

This is the most common way of measuring angles. In a single revolution, there are 360 degrees. We can divide the degrees further, for instance, one degree is equal to 60 minutes and one minute is equal to 60 seconds. Hence, the angle that measures one second is equal to degrees. When we refer to the perpendicularity, we often mean an angle of 90 degree. We employ degrees to explain the triangles, like 15-75-90, 60-60-60, and 45-45-90. We write degrees with a tiny superscript circle at the top right side of a number. For instance, 90 degrees is written as .

## Radian

We define radian geometrically and we denote it by the symbol rad. Previously, radian was a SI supplementary unit, however now it is a SI derived unit. Mathematicians often use radians as it is based on the radius of the circle. The center of the circle is the vertex of the angle. One radian is equal to the 180 degree divided by . We can write it mathematically as:

1 rad =

is approximately equal to 57.2958 degrees which is represented as:

1 rad =

In the next section, we will solve some examples in which we will convert one unit of angle to another.

## Example 1

Convert into radians.

### Solution

We have already discussed that one radian is equal to 180 degrees divided by . So, we can write it mathematically as:

1 rad =

is in the denominator on the right hand side of the equation, so we will move it to the left hand side and multiply it with radians like this:

rad =

## Example 2

Convert into radians.

### Solution

One radian is equal to 180 degrees divided by . So, we can write it mathematically as:

1 rad =

To isolate on the right hand side of the equation, we will move on the left hand side like this:

rad =

We have to convert into radians, so we will multiply the above equation by 2 like this:

rad =

rad =

## Example 3

Convert 30 degrees into radians

### Solution

One radian is equal to 180 degrees divided by . So, we can write it mathematically as:

1 rad =

In this example, we don't have to convert 180 degrees to radians. Instead, we need to convert 30 degrees into radians. From the above formula, we can derive that is equal to rad.

= rad

Similarly, one degree is equal to :

The angle in radians is equal to the the angle in degrees multiplied by . Mathematically, we can write it as:

Radians =

=

= rad

Hence, is equal to rad

## Example 4

Convert 2 rads into degrees.

### Solution

One radian is equal to 180 degrees divided by .

1 rad =

To determine the value of 2 radians, we will multiply the expression by 2:

2 rads =

2 rads =

## Example 5

### Solution

1 rad =

Hence, is equal to rads. We can write it as:

= rads

1 complete revolution is equal to . Hence, 8 revolutions will be equal to:

8 revolutions =

rads

8 revolutions = rads

## Example 6

### Solution

1 rad =

Hence, is equal to rads. We can write it as:

= rads

1 complete revolution is equal to . Hence, 4 revolutions will be equal to:

4 revolutions =

rads

4 revolutions = rads

## Example 7

Convert rads into degrees

### Solution

One radian is equal to 180 degrees divided by .

1 rad =

Hence, is equal to rads. We can write it as:

= rads

To find the rads, we will multiply both sides of the equation with 5 like this:

rads

rads

## Example 8

Convert rads into degrees

### Solution

One radian is equal to 180 degrees divided by .

1 rad =

Hence, is equal to rads. We can write it as:

= rads

To find the rads, we will multiply both sides of the equation with like this:

rads

rads

## Example 9

Convert 4 rads into degrees.

### Solution

One radian is equal to 180 degrees divided by .

1 rad =

To determine the value of 4 radians, we will multiply the expression by 4:

4 rads =

4 rads =

## Example 10

### Solution

1 rad =

Hence, is equal to rads. We can write it as:

= rads

1 complete revolution is equal to . Hence, 10 revolutions will be equal to:

10 revolutions =

rads

10 revolutions = rads

## Example 11

Convert rads into degrees

### Solution

One radian is equal to 180 degrees divided by .

1 rad =

Hence, is equal to rads. We can write it as:

= rads

To find the rads, we will multiply both sides of the equation with 9 like this:

rads

rads

## Example 12

Convert rads into degrees

### Solution

One radian is equal to 180 degrees divided by .

1 rad =

Hence, is equal to rads. We can write it as:

= rads

To find the rads, we will multiply both sides of the equation with 11 like this:

rads

rads