Spanish is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world, and is frequently studied in high school.
However, when a child encounters certain problems related to his / her ability to learn, it is necessary to find the right methods to teach him or her properly.
What is dyslexia? It is a learning-specific disorder due to neurological impairment: it’s a learning disability. People with dyslexia therefor have more trouble learning to read and have attention deficit.
There are three main types of dyslexia: phonological dyslexia, surface dyslexia and mixed dyslexia. Concerning the first, which is by far the most widespread, the child has difficulty in associating a sound with letters, more generally in order to decipher the words.
Surface dyslexia, on the other hand, concerns the difficulty of memorizing the spelling of words and thus their meaning. Finally, mixed dyslexia as its name suggests, combines these two types of dyslexia.
Often, it’s in school that the teacher will note the possible signs of dyslexia. The symptoms of dyslexia are encountering difficulties in reading but also in writing.
Consequently, the dyslexic child finds himself in greater difficulty when learning a foreign language. Since he is subject to dysphasia, speech therapy has an important place in the life of a dyslexic child.
However, work must be continued on a daily basis, in any form of learning. Can the dyslexic child learn a foreign language such as Spanish while experiencing complications in his/her mother tongue?
Many parents ask about this question, worried but especially wanting to see their child grow despite their disability.
So, rest assured, yes it is possible to learn a foreign language to a dyslexic child.
Remember that if phonology is a real obstacle for these children, surrounding these difficulties remains nevertheless possible.
You simply need to adapt the learning according to defined and effective methods.
This will allow your child not only to learn a useful language in his future private and professional life but also and above all to give him confidence.
Children with dyslexia have significant reading difficulties. Learning how to read is a real challenge for them.
Indeed, when they have to read, decompose the words and transcribe the sounds it turn out to be difficult. This correspondence of graphemes and phonemes must therefore be worked in depth.
In order to do this, it is recommended that you use decoding, known as the assembly path.
Although this process is laborious, it remains convincing, and it has proven itself worthy. Thus, make cards and associate letters, syllables and words with the corresponding sounds. Most syllables and processed sounds will then be found in the majority of words.
How to teach a dyslexic child to read Spanish?
So as you know now, the closer the writing will be to oral understanding, the easier it will be for your child to learn. Spanish being a transparent language, correspondence is very easy! This will allow the child to broaden his field of learning with a new foreign language. To facilitate this syllabic decoding, there are several little tricks appreciated by the students:
Indeed, know that certain fonts are easier to read for dyslexic children. The latter have less difficulty in confusing certain letters like “b” and “d” if the font has a stronger differentiation.
Focus on punctuation to facilitate general understanding and fluency in reading texts.
Learning a foreign language includes the need to learn a new phonological system, a new lexicon and new grammatical rules.
How can a dyslexic child find its way?
In reality, foreign languages are not equal in terms of their learning difficulties for a dyslexic student.
Indeed, the more transparent the language, the easier it will be to assimilate this new language.
Transparency corresponds to the similarity of written and spoken language, which allows a much simpler phonological decipherment.
Technically, one speaks of an easy association between graphemes and phonemes.
In French, for example, there are 190 graphemes for 35 phonemes. There are almost 200 ways of writing a few dozen sounds. This makes the French language, a language particularly difficult to learn for a dyslexic.
It is for this reason that twice as many dyslexics are counted in France as in other countries such as Italy which has 33 graphemes for 25 phonemes.
The most difficult language for dyslexic students is undoubtedly English.
With more than a thousand graphemes and forty phonemes, English presents itself as an obstacle too large for dyslexic students.
It’s you language, and the most widely spoken language in the world, but your child finds himself confronted with quite a challenge.
He will encounter all the difficulties of this language: many consonants and vowels pronounce differently from our language, the transcription of the phonemes into graphemes is difficult because for a phoneme there are several graphemes, many words are phonetically and orthographically close…
Spanish is considered a highly transparent language. Therefore, the decoding is simple because there are few phonemes and graphemes in contrast to English.
The student is faced with fewer difficulties in assimilating words and sound more easily.
For a very good Spanish teaching towards the dyslexic child, several methods exist. Do not hesitate to try several before making your choice.
Indeed, the effectiveness of these activities will obviously depend on the pupil, so be sure to choose the ones that will best allow the child to progress.
As its name implies, this method consists in awakening the various senses of the pupil. Thus, try to stimulate the sight, the hearing but also the touch for a better learning.
How to help a dyslexic student learn more easily?
Propose various visual methods: maps illustrated with color codes, movies, photos, objects … Try audio media: audio books, recordings …
Attempt to introduce gestures or educational games (for long sounds move hands away, for shorter ones clap hands…)
Perform a memorization exercise at each Spanish course using color coding, audio support or gestures.
Do not forget to offer mnemonic aids that turn out to be very good ways to learn.
Finally, you can also encourage the student to create personal cards that will allow him/her to find more easily during exercises.
To learn the vocabulary, make cards that respect certain rules:
What methods are used in Spanish to help students with language difficulties?
For memorizing conjugation and grammar during Spanish classes:
Concerning oral comprehension and expression:
Written comprehension and expression must be explained by several means:
Since the dyslexic pupil is a pupil who encounters difficulties in concentration, two main points should be taken into account in order to focus on the Spanish course:
Students with dyslexia often also suffer from a lack of self-confidence.
The difficulties they encounter during exercises, and in particular being slow, can be a great source of stress, often lead to academic failure, and they find themselves lost in an ill-adapted educational system.
How to cheer up a dyslexic child during Spanish class?
Always emphasize your student’s progress and right answers.
Encouraging and valuing him will lead to gaining in insurance and thus to be in the best conditions to learn.
Also, when you put in place an assessment system, consider developing positive reviews based on what the child knows and not about his or her mistakes: list all the positives aspects.
Finally, always evaluate the various exercises in equal parts (oral comprehension and expression and written comprehension and expression).