"The only way to learn a new programming language is by writing programs in it." -Dennis Ritchie
In the past few years, many articles have been written about the most popular and highly used computer programming languages. At the top of most computer science, experts list is usually Python and Java.
However, beginners can't differentiate between the two and choose one that works best for them when learning the basics of computer programming. So, without further ado, in today's article, we shall focus on the comparison between Java and Python to help our readers pick the correct coding language for their unique needs.
Which One is Better, Java or Python?
Deciding to learn computer programming in a digital world was probably an easy choice considering computer science and technology's prosperity and job security. However, on the other hand, we are confident that choosing a programming language was far from easy.
We guarantee that you asked yourself questions such as, which programming language should I learn? Which is the best and most prosperous? Is Java or Python better to learn as a beginner?
Thankfully, many online blog articles, such as this one, guide aspiring computer programmers in the right direction to help them make wise decisions in their professional lives. Let's take a look at the pros and cons of both Python and Java so that you can select the right option for your unique needs.
Pros and Cons of Java
The following are two pros of using Java:
- Java Programming is Independent: the platform independence of Java is an excellent thing since it doesn't solely depend on the platforms it recognises, and the Java code can quickly move across various operating systems.
- Java is Safe: compared to other computer programming languages, Java is relatively safe and less vulnerable to security threats since it has pointers and a Security Manager.
Are there any cons to using Java? Like everything in life, Java does have some flaws. The following are two drawbacks of utilising Java:
- Verbose: in the computer programming world, verbose means too many words to describe a simple problem. The overwriting and over-explaining of code to complete a simple task can become more of a con than a pro.
- Poor Performance: at one time or another, all programming languages deal with poor performance. However, Java has poor performance for reasons such as the garbage collector option, wrong caching configuration, and thread deadlocks.
The Advantages and Drawbacks of Using Python
As the most prominent competitor of Java, the pros and cons of the Python coding language must be considered. Python was established in 1991 as a high-level programming language and has dramatically aided coders from all parts of the world for many years.
The following are the two most significant advantages of using Python:
- User-Friendly: admired by many programming beginners for its easy to use language and readability. It is essential to state that learners quickly pick up the basics of Python. In comparison to other programming languages, a minor language is needed to arrive at the same point.
- Versatile: Python is highly adaptable to other operating systems and software, making it one of the universal languages currently used today.
Some of the Pitfalls of Python
As is the case with Java, there are some disadvantages of using Python that some users have found. Such as? The following are some cons of Python:
- Problematic with Mobile Development: if you asked other computer programmers, most would agree that Python is not recommended for developing mobile apps. Both Android and iOS do not support Python.
- Threading Issues: since Python has a Global Interpreter Lock (GIL), there is only one thread that works simultaneously, which causes frustration amongst advanced programmers who are used to other languages.
Now that we've considered the pros and cons of both Java and Python, is it safe to crown a winner that reigns supreme above the other? Since both Python and Java have their unique advantages and disadvantages, it is tough to say that one is better. However, for user-friendliness, versatility, and relative ease for beginners, we remarkably suggest Python.
Should I Learn Java or Python First?
Suppose you have the time or the necessity to learn two programming languages for your computer science-based career. In that case, it is highly recommended to acquire the basics of coding languages that are regularly used. Such as? Python and Java.
Both ranked among the top five programming languages currently utilised in the technology industry, Python and Java open many doors for success.
Nonetheless, the question arises, which language should one learn first, Python or Java?
It is essential to state that while computer programmers don't need to learn more than one coding language, it is highly recommended for further career advancement. Some experts suggest three different coding languages: a procedural language, an object-oriented language, and a functional language.
However, since there are only so many hours in a day and to get started immediately in a technical career, a person must decide to choose only one programming language. And, since Java and Python are pretty similar, first-time programmers might not know which one is best to learn from the beginning.
It's worth stating that if persons implement adequate learning measures, they can acquire the basics of both Java and Python at the same speed. However, some experts in computer science suggest that it is much wiser to consider learning Python before Java since the learning pathways are best suited for beginners, and the user-friendliness of Python attracts aspiring computer programmers who have had no previous experience with coding.
The syntax of Python is also easier to pick up than that of Java, making it more accessible to all types of learners. However, some experienced members of the computer science community claim that if you want to go deeper into computer programming than merely scratching the surface, it is wise to learn Java first and stay with it throughout your career.
Which Pays More, Java or Python?
In a paperless world that has completely gone digital, the ways of finding a new job have dramatically changed. To find work in any sector or domain, an applicant must have an online presence and be tech-savvy since most employment positions are posted online, mainly computer programming and tech jobs.
Sites such as Glassdoor, Indeed, Reed, and Monster UK post jobs daily that are relevant for computer programmers. Nonetheless, before submitting your resume, applying for a job virtually, and being invited for an interview for a coding employment position, it highly recommended for students of computer programming to know how much they could eventually make per year.
Annual salaries in computer programming greatly vary depending on the programming language, the job specifications, and whether you are working full-time or part-time.
However, since this article is primarily focused on the comparisons between Java and Python, the question is, which programming language promises a higher annual income, Java or Python? The answer to that question may significantly change based on many factors; nonetheless, it is essential to state that most of the research suggests that Python coders make more money than Java programmers in the United Kingdom.
For instance, based on reports conducted in the United States by Daxx.com, the average Python programmer makes approximately USD 110,000 per year. Whereas, on the other hand, a Java programmer might rake in $103,000 annually. Though the information is based on an American study, the same trends in salaries between Python and Java coders can be observed in the UK.
Not only do Python developers make more money per year, but if you are planning on learning a programming language, it is essential to state that there are many more careers for Python coders in the United Kingdom and abroad.
Resources to Learn Python and Java
The Best Tools to Learn More About Python
It doesn't matter if you prefer paper books or online websites; there are hundreds of remarkably suggested tools that help students become better at Python; the following are the two most significant options to consider:
- Python Crash Course: a book published by Eric Matthes in 2016, Python Crash Course is a must-read if you are learning more about the basics of Python. The book is divided into two sections. The first part contains elementary explanations of must-know aspects of Python. The second section of the book consists of completing three computer programming projects.
- RealPython.com is probably one of the best websites to visit if you learn more about Python; RealPython.com takes an educational approach and focuses on distinct topics, issues, and questions that new learners may have. Listen to their podcast if you want to learn while on the go.
Resources to Know the Basics of Java
Similar to Python, Java is constantly used more and more by hundreds of thousands of programmers worldwide. Therefore, it isn't a shocking discovery to find out that various resources are available without even having to search too much.
The following list features the best book and the best website for learners of the Java programming language:
- Head First Java: part of a series of books that help individuals learn about programming languages and other topics, Head First Java is a brilliant resource for those who want to acquire the basics of Java through illustrations, diagrams, and brief explanations that don't overwhelm.
- The Java Tutorials by Oracle: when looking for helpful information about Java, it is wise to go straight to the source. In Java's case, the head would be its creator company Oracle. Thanks to Oracle, a brilliant site titled The Java Tutorials greatly equip beginner programmers with the skills they need to succeed.
With the previously mentioned resources for Python and Java programming, we can guarantee that the experience of learning will be much better and engaging.
As a way of concluding, it is essential to state that whether you select Java or Python as your programming language of choice, there is one thing that is for sure: you'll enjoy a brilliant career!