Tutoring jobs for English tutors can vary greatly depending on the classes they give. The qualifications required for teaching primary, secondary, & university students vary greatly.
Teaching in a university requires a higher level of education and some certifications might be needed to teach students for test prep, psat, tefl, Gmat etc.
Different years have different syllabus and the teaching strategies also change according to the age groups. The planning of English lessons should be carried out keeping the age group in mind.
Just like any other classes, an English lesson should be focused on a specific topic and should include several activities to help improve learning and make the lesson more interesting.
While planning the lesson, the English tutor should keep in mind the questions such as how much time would be required for a lesson and what activities would be conducted during that class.
What should be the sequence of topics of discussion be and how should you end the lesson to ensure that the students remember new information from the lesson?
The two key factors while organizing the lesson should be time and the activities. Time for English classes is usually limited so the English tutor should use it wisely and in the best possible way.
You should make sure that you complete each activity and that students grasp all the concepts of the lesson before you move on.
A General Way to Organize English Classes
Before we dive into the organisation of classes, let us discuss some common ways that you, as the tutor, can organize any class irrespective of what grade you are teaching.
Language tutoring could involve teaching primary students, high school students or tutees found online. You could also be a varsity tutor, or giving private tuition in a learning center.
After starting your class with a warm greeting, it is prudent to do a review of the previous lesson or the previous day. You should inquire with the students about what they learned from the last lesson.
You should ask them to summarize the content of the last class. Apart from that, ask them to come to the white board and write some examples from previous topics.
Reviewing the previous lessons before starting another lesson helps students concentrate on English and stay connected to whatever they have learned in the previous lesson. And this is not just true for English but also for Calculus, Algebra, Math science, trigonometry, computer science etc.
Starting the lesson without an introduction can leave your pupils in a confused state of mind. They will develop lots of questions in their mind and it would take them much longer to understand what you are teaching.
Always start the lesson with proper a introduction. Explain to your students what they are going to study in that lesson. Jot down the list of topics on the board. For example, if you are about to give a lesson on verbs and adverbs, explain to them what verbs and adverbs are.
Tell them about the uses of verbs and adverbs in sentences and how they can convert an adjective into an adverb. In other words, just give them a brief overview of the lesson before you get into the nitty gritty details of the topic.
Now, the kind of activities you design, depends on what age group you are teaching. Activities play an important role during the lesson, as they help students retain the information in the long term. Whatever activity you conduct, it should be designed in such a way that it enables your students to use the new skills you have just taught them.
If you gave them a lesson on clauses and phrases, distribute work-sheets with exercises on them.
If your lesson was on a poem, ask your student to paraphrase any verse from the poem. Give them tasks to analyze the poem and write a summary etc.
If you are teaching kids at primary school, make them act out poems, stories and plays. Dynamic activities like role playing can energize the classroom and make the students more active.
The last minutes of the lessons should be reserved for a wrap-up. Ending a lesson abruptly is not good for the students retention of information. Whether you are a biology tutor, Math tutor, French tutor, Spanish Tutor or tutor of any other subject, this applies to all.
Ending the lesson with a short review of what you have taught, is a good way to ensure that the students grasp everything firmly. Ask questions about what they have learned during the lesson. Can they come up with new sentences using the grammar skills you have just taught?
Summarize the lesson. One-to-One lessons require you to engage with students more often. Check their writing skills by testing them on a short writing task.
Scheduling your lesson in this way will ensure that you have a big impact on your students and that they'll climb the ladder to academic success one lesson at a time.
Planning Primary School lessons
Primary education focuses on the age group of 5 to 11 years. The curriculum at key stage 1 focuses on rapid development of reading skills. Their lessons should revolve around ensuring that the student can pronounce and amalgamate unknown words easily and accurately using the knowledge of phonemes along with their existing skills.
Base your lessons around grapheme-phoneme correspondences and also revise the previous teachings. Apart from this, develop in them the skills of producing sounds of words and the ability to read without reluctance.
Make them practice via reading books and keep developing their phonic knowledge and skills. They should be able to identify the unusual correspondences between sound and spellings and their place of occurrence. Teach them to fluently read words containing -es, s, -er, -ing, and -est endings.
They should be taught to spell words having 40+ phonemes that have already been taught to them along with the exception words, days of the week, letters of the alphabets in correct sequence etc. Your lessons should also be focused on teaching them the skills of adding prefixes and suffixes, applying the rules of spelling, pronouncing words and grammar.
At this young age, the English tutors are also required to teach the kids handwriting.
Train them to sit correctly at a table and hold the pencil the right way. They should be taught to write numbers, letters etc.
Planning Secondary School English Lessons
Secondary schools comprise of key stage 3 and key stage 4 with students aged 11 to 16. At this stage, your lessons should be organized such that your students are developing an appreciation and love of reading.
Teach them to read new, challenging material. Introduce them to fiction and non-fiction along with whole books on poems, plays, stories, covering all kinds of genres.
Introduce English literature to them along with the Plays of Shakespeare. Train them to understand challenging words and texts by teaching them new vocabulary and checking their understanding to ensure they are able to understand what they read.
Tutor them on the know-how of the language, vocabulary choice, correct use of grammar, structure of texts etc. Their writing skills should flourish and they should now be able to plan, edit, proof-read and draft.
The topics of your lessons could revolve around active voice, adjectives, adverbs, antonyms, auxiliary verbs, clauses, phrases, conjunctions, consonants, nouns, objects etc.
Learn to to manage teaching students with dyslexia here.
Planning lessons for A-levels, GCSE English
If you are an Educator, tutoring A-level students you will be dealing with teens of age 17-18. The English lessons will be more advanced at this stage. Organize your lesson to impart skills of developing arguments, researching and managing information, and analyzing complicated text in various styles and form.
Your students should be tutored to understand language and use it for imparting information and persuading. Aim your lessons to develop in them the ability to respond to different styles of text and establish a firm foundation for further study of linguistics.
At age 16, students usually take the standardized General Certificate of Secondary Education and if you are a certified teacher tutoring them, your lessons would be based upon the pattern of the test. Organize your lessons such that they focus on enhancing the skill-set of your students.
Take short quizzes and tests frequently. Take oral tests and tests that would teach them to analyze fiction and non-fiction and make them adept in punctuation, grammar spelling, writing and reading skills etc. Test taking allows you to monitor their progress.
If you are an online tutor, or home tutoring etc. math tutoring, English tutoring etc. you can get innovative in the way you organize your lessons. If you have basic knowledge of computer science, you can use technology to organize even better lessons.
Even as a college or school teacher, you can include various aspects of technology to amplify the learning. Find out where to find students and what your students are passionate about. Produce supplemental content for your lessons. Take testimonials and feedback from your students to improve more! Learn how to set your English tutoring tariffs here.