The root is the inverse operation to the exponentiation. In other words, the square root is a factor of a number which will become the original number when multiplied by itself. For example, the square root of is but if is multiplied by itself, it will result in the original number (which is ). Another example is , the square root of is but if is multiplied by itself then it will result in the original number (which is ). Given two numbers, called the radicand and index, find a third number, which is called the root, such that when elevated to the index, it is equal to the radicand.
The index for the square root is , although in this case it is omitted. Let's come back to all previous examples and describe them. In the first example, the number is and the index will be , radicant will be and the root will be . In the case of the second example, the number is and the index is the same (which is ). The radicant will be and the root will be .
The index usually defines how many times the number should be multiplied to get the original number. In the above examples, the index was taken that means the number should be multiplied twice by itself to get the original number. Here is a new example with a different index, let's say you are asked to find which means you need to find three factors. If we multiply three times, it will end up hence is .
In simple words, the square root of a number, a, is accurate when a number is found, b, which when elevated to the square is equal to the radicand:
Exact square root
An exact square root has the remainder 0.
These are the numbers that have exact square roots.
Not exact square root
If a number is not a perfect square, the square root is no exact.
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